Types of Butterflies in Maine

Maine, the northeastern U.S. state, is home to about 103 species of butterflies and skippers. The distinguishing feature of these butterflies is that they have bright wing tops and dull wing-bottoms. The most commonly spotted species are Spring Azures, Mourning Cloaks, Cabbage White. Migratory species, such as the Monarch butterfly lay their eggs in summer, and the caterpillars hatch from the eggs in early May.

This U.S. state still has no designated state butterflies.

Brush-Footed (Nymphalidae)

Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae)

  • Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)
  • Spring azure (Celastrina ladon)
  • American Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)
  • Bronze Copper (Lycaena hyllus)
  • Bog Copper (Lycaena epixanthe)
  • Clayton’s Copper (Lycaena dorcas)
  • Hessel’s Hairstreak (Callophrys hesseli)
  • Olive Hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus)
  • Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus)
  • Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polios)
  • Frosted Elfin (Callophrys irus)
  • Henry’s Elfin (Callophrys henrici)
  • Bog Elfin (Callophrys lanoraieensis)
  • Eastern Pine Elfin (Callophrys niphon)
  • Western Pine Elfin (Callophrys eryphon)
  • Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus)
  • Acadian Hairstreak (Satyrium acadica)
  • Edwards’ Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)
  • Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus)
  • Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)
  • Grey Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
  • Early Hairstreak (Erora laeta)
  • Eastern Tailed Blue (Cupido comyntas)
  • Western Tailed Blue (Cupido amyntula)
  • Spring Azure/Cherry Gall Azure (Celastrina lucia)
  • Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)
  • Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)
  • Crowberry Blue (Plebejus idas)
  • Karner Blue (Plebejus Melissa)
  • Greenish Blue (Plebejus saepiolus)

Sulphurs and Whites (Pieridae)

  • Checkered White (Pontia protodice)
  • Cabbage Butterfly (Pieris rapae)
  • Mustard White (Pieris oleracea)
  • Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice)
  • Alfalfa Butterfly (Colias eurytheme)
  • Pink-edged Sulphur (Colias interior)
  • Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae)
  • Orange-barred Sulphur (Phoebis philea)
  • Large Sulphur (Phoebis agarithe)
  • Little Sulphur (Pyrisitia lisa)

Swallowtail (Papilionidae)

Skipper (Hesperiidae)

  • Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
  • Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)
  • Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius)
  • Sleepy Duskywing (Erynnis brizo)
  • Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
  • Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)
  • Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
  • Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)