Types of Butterflies in Maryland

The eastern Mid-Atlantic state of Maryland is home to about 150 species of butterflies and skippers that are commonly spotted hovering across the woods, fields, yards, and gardens. They feed on nectar from flowers, rotting fruit, animal scat, or the wet and decaying woods. Some butterfly species have a specific choice, such as Palamedes Swallowtail butterfly in the caterpillar stage only eats the rare Red bay trees that occur in Eastern Shore of Worcester and Somerset Counties.

Maryland has Baltimore checkerspot (Euphydryas phaeton) as its state butterfly, designated in 1973.

Brush-Footed (Nymphalidae)

White and Sulphur (Pieridae)

Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae)

  • Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)
  • American copper (Lycaena phlaeas)
  • Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)
  • Bog copper (Lycaena epixanthe)
  • Bronze copper (Lycaena hyllus)
  • Gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
  • White M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album)
  • Banded hairstreak (Satyrium calanus)
  • Hickory hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorus)
  • Edward’s hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)
  • King’s hairstreak (Satyrium kingi)
  • Striped hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)
  • Northern oak hairstreak (Satyrium favonius ontario)
  • Coral hairstreak (Satyrium titus)
  • Red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops)
  • Brown elfin (Callophrys augustinus)
  • Henry’s elfin (Callophrys henrici)
  • Frosted elfin (Callophrys irus)
  • Hoary elfin (Callophrys polios)
  • Eastern pine elfin (Callophrys niphon)
  • Great purple hairstreak (Atlides halesus)
  • Juniper hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus)
  • Hessel’s hairstreak (Callophrys hesseli)
  • Early hairstreak (Erora laeta)
  • Eastern tail-blue (Cupido comyntas)
  • Silvery blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)
  • Appalachian azure (Celastrina neglectamajor)
  • Dusky azure (Celastrina nigra)

Metalmark (Riodinidae)

  • Little Metalmark (Calephelis virginiensis)
  • Northern Metalmark (Calephelis borealis)

Swallowtail (Papilionidae)

Skipper (Hesperiidae)

  • Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis)
  • Grizzled Skipper (Pyrgus centaureae)
  • Confusing Cloudywing (Thorybes confusis)
  • Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
  • Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)
  • Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
  • Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis)
  • Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius)
  • Horace’s Duskywing (Erynnis horatius)
  • Sleepy Duskywing (Erynnis brizo)
  • Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)
  • Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)
  • Zarucco Duskywing (Erynnis zarucco)
  • Long-tailed Skipper (Urbanus proteus)
  • Dorantes Longtail (Urbanus dorantes)
  • Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
  • Golden Banded-Skipper (Autochton cellus)
  • Hayhurst’s Scallopwing (Staphylus hayhurstii)
  • Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)
  • Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)