Types of Butterflies in Missouri

The Midwestern U.S. state of Missouri, with the Ozark Mountains, the lowlands along Missouri and Mississippi River, the Osage and Northern Plains, is home to about 190 species of butterflies. Mostly a mix of the midwestern and southern species occurs here. Missouri does not have any designated state butterfly.

Brush-Footed (Nymphalidae)

Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae)

  • Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)
  • American Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)
  • Bronze Copper (Lycaena hyllus)
  • Gray Copper (Lycaena dione)
  • Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides)
  • Great Purple Hairstreak (Atlides halesus)
  • Olive (Juniper) Hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus)
  • Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus)
  • Acadian Hairstreak (Satyrium acadica)
  • Oak Hairstreak (Satyrium favonius)
  • Edwards’ Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)
  • Hickory Hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorus)
  • Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus)
  • Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)
  • Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
  • White-M Hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album)
  • Red-banded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops)
  • Soapberry Hairstreak (Phaeostrymon alcestis)
  • Henry’s Elfin (Callophrys henrici)
  • Eastern Pine Elfin (Callophrys niphon)
  • Western Pygmy-Blue (Brephidium exilis)
  • Western Tailed-Blue (Cupido amyntula)
  • Marine Blue (Leptotes marina)
  • Eastern Tailed-Blue (Cupido comyntas)
  • Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)
  • Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)
  • Appalachian Azure (Celastrina neglectamajor)
  • Dusky Azure (Celastrina nigra)
  • Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)
  • Melissa Blue (Plebejus melissa)
  • Reakirt’s Blue (Echinargus isola)
  • Miami Blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri)

Whites and Yellows (Pieridae)

  • Falcate Orangetip (Anthocharis midea)
  • Olympia Marble (Euchloe olympia)
  • Florida White (Appias drusilla)
  • Pine White (Neophasia menapia)
  • Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)
  • Checkered White (Pontia protodice)
  • Great Southern White (Ascia monuste)
  • Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice)
  • Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)
  • Southern Dogface (Colias cesonia)
  • Large Orange Sulphur (Phoebis agarithe)
  • Orange-barred Sulphur (Phoebis philea)
  • Lyside Sulphur (Kricogonia lyside)
  • Barred Yellow (Eurema daira)
  • Sleepy Orange (Eurema nicippe)
  • Mexican Yellow (Eurema mexicana)
  • Little Yellow (Pyrisitia lisa)
  • Dainty Sulphur (Nathalis iole)

Metalmark (Riodinidae)

  • Northern Metalmark (Calephelis borealis)

Swallowtail (Papilionidae)

Skipper (Hesperiidae)

  • Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis)
  • Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)
  • Confusing Cloudywing (Thorybes confusis)
  • Dorantes Longtail (Urbanus dorantes)
  • Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
  • Funereal Duskywing (Erynnis funeralis)
  • Golden Banded-Skipper (Autochton cellus)
  • Hayhurst’s Scallopwing (Staphylus hayhurstii)
  • Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)
  • Horace’s Duskywing (Erynnis horatius)
  • Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)
  • Long-tailed Skipper (Urbanus proteus)
  • Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis)
  • Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
  • Outis Skipper (Cogia outis)
  • Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
  • Sleepy Duskywing (Erynnis brizo)
  • Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)
  • Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)