Types of Butterflies in Missouri

The Midwestern U.S. state is home to about 190 species of butterflies. The native butterflies are mostly a mix of midwestern and southern species. The Ozark Mountains, the lowlands along Missouri and Mississippi River, and their Valleys, Osage and Northern Plains are the habitat to the most butterfly species. Missouri does not have any butterfly species as the state butterfly.

Brush-Footed (Nymphalidae)

‘Astyanax’ Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax)

Common Mestra (Mestra amymone)

Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis)

Viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis)

Tawny Emperor (Asterocampa clyton)

Goatweed Leafwing (Anaea andria)

Diana (Speyeria diana)

Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

Gulf Fritillary (Agraulis vanillae)

Meadow Fritillary (Boloria bellona)

Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)

Zebra Heliconian (Heliconius charithonius)

Monarch (Danaus plexippus)

Queen (Danaus gilippus)

American Snout (Libytheana carinenta)

American Lady (Vanessa virginiensis)

Baltimore (Euphydryas phaeton)

Bordered Patch (Chlosyne lacinia)

California Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica)

Common Buckeye (Junonia coenia)

Compton Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis vaualbum)

Cuban Crescent (Phyciodes frisia)

Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma)

Elf (Microtia elva)

Gorgone Checkerspot (Chlosyne gorgone)

Gray Comma (Polygonia progne)

Milbert’s Tortoiseshell (Aglais milberti)

Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)

Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)

Pearl Crescent (Phyciodes tharos)

Phaon Crescent (Phyciodes phaon)

Question Mark (Polygonia interrogationis)

Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

Silvery Checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis)

Texan Crescent (Phyciodes texana)

White Peacock (Anartia jatrophae)

Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae)

Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)

American Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)

Bronze Copper (Lycaena hyllus)

Gray Copper (Lycaena dione)

Purplish Copper (Lycaena helloides)

Great Purple Hairstreak (Atlides halesus)

Olive (Juniper) Hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus)

Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus)

Acadian Hairstreak (Satyrium acadica)

Oak Hairstreak (Satyrium favonius)

Edwards’ Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)

Hickory Hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorus)

Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus)

Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)

Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)

White-M Hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album)

Red-banded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops)

Soapberry Hairstreak (Phaeostrymon alcestis)

Henry’s Elfin (Callophrys henrici)

Eastern Pine Elfin (Callophrys niphon)

Western Pygmy-Blue (Brephidium exilis)

Western Tailed-Blue (Cupido amyntula)

Marine Blue (Leptotes marina)

Eastern Tailed-Blue (Cupido comyntas)

Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)

Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)

Appalachian Azure (Celastrina neglectamajor)

Dusky Azure (Celastrina nigra)

Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)

Melissa Blue (Plebejus melissa)

Reakirt’s Blue (Echinargus isola)

Miami Blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri)

Whites and Yellows (Pieridae)

Falcate Orangetip (Anthocharis midea)

Olympia Marble (Euchloe olympia)

Florida White (Appias drusilla)

Pine White (Neophasia menapia)

Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)

Checkered White (Pontia protodice)

Great Southern White (Ascia monuste)

Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice)

Orange Sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

Southern Dogface (Colias cesonia)

Large Orange Sulphur (Phoebis agarithe)

Orange-barred Sulphur (Phoebis philea)

Lyside Sulphur (Kricogonia lyside)

Barred Yellow (Eurema daira)

Sleepy Orange (Eurema nicippe)

Mexican Yellow (Eurema mexicana)

Little Yellow (Pyrisitia lisa)

Dainty Sulphur (Nathalis iole)

Metalmark (Riodinidae)

Northern Metalmark (Calephelis borealis)

Swallowtail (Papilionidae)

Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)

Ozark Swallowtail (Papilio joanae)

Palamedes Swallowtail (Papilio palamedes)

Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor)

Polydamas Swallowtail (Battus polydamas)

Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus)

Zebra Swallowtail (Eurytides marcellus)

Skipper (Hesperiidae)

Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis)

Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)

Confusing Cloudywing (Thorybes confusis)

Dorantes Longtail (Urbanus dorantes)

Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)

Funereal Duskywing (Erynnis funeralis)

Golden Banded-Skipper (Autochton cellus)

Hayhurst’s Scallopwing (Staphylus hayhurstii)

Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)

Horace’s Duskywing (Erynnis horatius)

Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)

Long-tailed Skipper (Urbanus proteus)

Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis)

Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)

Outis Skipper (Cogia outis)

Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)

Sleepy Duskywing (Erynnis brizo)

Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)

Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)