Types of Butterflies in New Hampshire

With about 125 species, New Hampshire has a comparatively lesser variety of butterflies than some of the other U.S. states. The most popular places where butterflies are spotted include the White Mountain National Forest, parts of the Appalachian Trail, valleys,  streams, and lakes. These species feed on nectar from plants like Coneflower, bee balm, butterfly weed, red valerian, heliotrope, nasturtium, and butterfly bush.

The state has designated Karner blue (Lycaeides melissa) as the state butterfly in 1992.

Brush-Footed (Nymphalidae)

Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae)

  • Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)
  • American Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)
  • Bronze Copper (Lycaena hyllus)
  • Bog Copper (Lycaena epixanthe)
  • Olive (Juniper) Hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus)
  • Hessel’s Hairstreak (Callophrys hesseli)
  • Early Hairstreak (Erora laeta)
  • White-M Hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album)
  • Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus)
  • Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
  • Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus)
  • Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)
  • Acadian Hairstreak (Satyrium acadica)
  • Edwards’ Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)
  • Henry’s Elfin (Callophrys henrici)
  • Eastern Pine Elfin (Callophrys niphon)
  • Western Pine Elfin (Callophrys eryphon)
  • Frosted Elfin (Callophrys irus)
  • Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus)
  • Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polios)
  • Bog Elfin (Callophrys lanoraieensis)
  • Eastern Tailed-Blue (Cupido comyntas)
  • Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)
  • Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)
  • Northern Azure (Celastrina lucia)
  • Cherry Gall Azure (Celastrina serotina)
  • Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)
  • Melissa Blue (Plebejus melissa)

Whites and Sulphurs (Pieridae)

Swallowtail (Papilionidae)

Skipper (Hesperiidae)

  • Columbine Duskywing (Erynnis lucilius)
  • Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)
  • Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
  • Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)
  • Horace’s Duskywing (Erynnis horatius)
  • Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)
  • Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis)
  • Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
  • Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius)
  • Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
  • Sleepy Duskywing (Erynnis brizo)
  • Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)
  • Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)