Types of Butterflies in West Virginia

West Virginia is home to about 135 species of butterflies, out of which 21 are commonly spotted.

The state has designated the Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) as the official state butterfly in 1995. An adult Monarch has a wingspan of 3.75-4 inches with an orange-brown or reddish upper surface with black stripes.

Brush-Footed (Nymphalidae)

Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae)

  • Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius)
  • American Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)
  • Bronze Copper (Lycaena hyllus)
  • Bog Copper (Lycaena epixanthe)
  • Great Purple Hairstreak (Atlides halesus)
  • Coral Hairstreak (Satyrium titus)
  • Edwards’ Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii)
  • Banded Hairstreak (Satryium calanus)
  • Hickory Hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorum)
  • Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops)
  • Southern Hairstreak (Satyrium favonius)
  • Brown Elfin (Callophrys augustinus)
  • Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polios)
  • Frosted Elfin (Callophrys irus)
  • Henry’s Elfin (Callophrys henrici)
  • Eastern Pine Elfin (Callophrys niphon)
  • ‘Olive’ Juniper Hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus gryneus)
  • Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus)
  • Red-banded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops)
  • Early Hairstreak (Erora laeta)
  • Eastern Tailed-Blue (Everes comyntas)
  • Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)
  • Appalachian Azure (Celastrina neglectamajor)
  • Dusky Azure (Celastrina nigra)
  • Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus)

Whites and Sulphurs (Pieridae)

Metalmark (Riodinidae)

  • Northern Metalmark (Calephelis borealis)

Swallowtail (Papilionidae)

Skipper (Hesperiidae)

  • Columbine Duskywing (Erynnis lucilius)
  • Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus)
  • Funereal Duskywing (Erynnis funeralis)
  • Horace’s Duskywing (Erynnis horatius)
  • Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis)
  • Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis)
  • Sleepy Duskywing (Erynnis brizo)
  • Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae)
  • Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis)
  • Grizzled Skipper (Pyrgus centaureae)
  • Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades)
  • Southern Cloudywing (Thorybes bathyllus)
  • Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus)
  • Common Sootywing (Pholisora catullus)
  • Hoary Edge (Achalarus lyciades)
  • Golden Banded-Skipper (Autochton cellus)
  • Hayhurst’s Scallopwing (Staphylus hayhurstii)