The members of the Papilionidae family are also known as swallowtail, having a total of about 550 species. Though most of them inhabit the tropical regions, they are found in every continent apart from Antarctica.
|Eastern Black Swallowtail||Pipevine Swallowtail||Eastern Tiger Swallowtail|
|Black Swallowtail||Giant Swallowtail||Two-tailed Swallowtail|
|California Pipevine Swallowtail||Spicebush Swallowtail||Green Dragontail|
|Oregon Swallowtail||Common Green Birdwing||Common Yellow Swallowtail|
|Western Tiger Swallowtail||Giant Blue Swallowtail||Large Citrus|
|Christmas Butterfly||Goliath Birdwing||Great Mormon Butterfly|
|Polydamas Swallowtail||Canadian Tiger Swallowtail||Palamedes Swallowtail|
|Wallace’s Golden Birdwing||Old World Swallowtail||Magellan Birdwing|
|Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing||Rajah Brooke’s Birdwing||Scarce Swallowtail|
|Pale Swallowtail||Anise Swallowtail||Schaus Swallowtail|
|Apollo Butterfly||Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly||Ulysses Butterfly|
The larva has a smooth and stout appearance, the color mostly being yellow and white with black markings.
They are often curved backward, though the colors vary from one species to the other.
Sexual Dimorphism: In many members of the family, the difference between male and female is not visible, though in some sexual dimorphism is prominent.
Color and Appearance: When opened, the wings are mostly black with markings of yellow or even blue. Some even have a yellow body with black markings on the sides. When closed, the yellow and black patterns on the wings are visible, while some species may display patterns of red.
Average Wingspan: 6cm to 14 cm (2.36 inches to 5.5 inches)
Flight pattern: Slow and steady
They are round and green in color.
|Distribution||Distributed widely through all continents excepting Antarctica|
|Habitat||Around mountainous terrains, humid forests, arid deserts, and lowland meadows|
|Lifespans of adults||6 to 14 days|
|Host Plants||Passionflower species, wild black cherry, tulip poplar, sweet bay magnolia, common lilac, Hoptree or water ash, chokeberry, willow, cherry, and ash
Eastern black swallowtail eats garden plants in the carrot family apart from its host plant Queen Anne’s lace
|Adult diet||Nectar of host plants, as well as manure and mud|