Eastern Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes asterius)
The eastern black swallowtail, a subspecies of the black swallowtail is an attractive butterfly known for its immense beauty, though occasionally considered as a pest.
- Family: Papilionidae
- Genus: Papilio
- Scientific Name: Papilio polyxenes asterius
Description and Identification
The young caterpillars are mostly black, having a white saddle which is due to the deposit of uric acid that ensures protection to the larvae from the phototoxic chemicals. As they get older the larvae attains a green color having black transverse bands with yellow spots.
Pupae belonging to the overwintering generations attain a brown color, while those from other generations might be brown or even green with markings of yellow.
Sexual Dimorphism: Present
Color and Appearance: When opened, the wings are black with yellow spots arranged in two rows with blue markings present below. The yellow spots are big and bright in males, while in females they are small and light. Red spots with a black-bull eye are seen in the inner hind margins. When closed, bright orange spots separated by powdery blue patches can be seen.
Average wingspan: 6.9 cm to 8.4 cm
Flight pattern: Fast
They are pale yellow in color often laid upon host plants.
|Distribution||Southern parts of Canada, eastern as mid-western and Southern United States up to Arizona, and the northern parts of Mexico|
|Habitat||Uplands and wet areas like fields, weedy areas, flat-woods, gardens and roadsides|
|Lifespan of adults||6-14 days|
|Host plants||Mock bishopweed, Spotted water hemlock, Canby’s dropwort, Queen Anne’s lace, Water cowbane|
|Adult diet||Nectar form plants like milkweed, clover, phlox and thistles,|
Did You Know
- The term Papilio means butterfly in Latin while the name polyxenes stems from Polyxena, who according to Greek mythology was the Trojan king Priam’s youngest daughter.