The Nymphalidae is the largest of the butterfly families comprising over 6000 species distributed throughout the world. The monarchs, admirals, and emperors are some of the significant butterflies of this family.
|Painted Lady||Edith’s Checkerspot||Milbert’s Tortoiseshell|
|Bay Checkerspot||Blue Morpho||Blue Nawab|
|Kamehameha||Orange Oakleaf||Viceroy Butterfly|
|Aphrodite Fritillary||Regal Fritillary||Gulf Fritillary|
|Chinese Bush-Brown||Glasswing Butterfly||American Painted Lady|
|Polyphemus White Morpho||Meadow Fritillary||Great Spangled Fritillary|
|Variegated Fritillary||Common Tiger||Doris Longwing|
|Blue Moon Butterfly||Soldier Butterfly||Small Tortoiseshell|
|Mourning Cloak Butterfly||Blue Pansy||Common Map Butterfly|
|Hackberry Emperor Butterfly||Mountain Ringlet Butterfly||Eastern Comma Butterfly|
|Common Buckeye Butterfly||Malachite||Pearl Crescent|
|Comma Butterfly||Diana Fritillary||Baltimore Checkerspot|
|Red Spotted Purple||Purple Emperor||Silvery Checkerspot|
|Zebra Butterfly||Quino Checkerspot||Paper Kite Butterfly|
|White Peacock Butterfly||Leopard Butterfly||Queen Butterfly|
|Question Mark Butterfly||Peacock Butterfly||Postman Butterfly|
They have a velvety, black and speckled body filled with hairy of spiky projections, alongside small, white dots.
The pupa or chrysalids possess shiny spots, often seen hanging with their head downwards.
Sexual Dimorphism: Present
Color and Appearance: The common colorations of the butterflies of this family include orange, brown, black and yellow, whereas, blue and purple colored butterflies also exist, though rarely. The shapes of the wings differ, varying from one species to the other. Some may have irregular margins like commas and angle wings, whereas certain species even have tail-like projections on their wings.
Average Wingspan: 4 to 8 cm
Flight Pattern: Fast an erratic
About A hundred eggs are laid in a cluster, and they are green in color.
|Other names||Four-footed butterflies, brush-footed butterflies|
|Distribution||Throughout the continents of America, Europe, Africa, and Asia|
|Habitat||Park, gardens, brush areas, woodlands, stream beds, dense undergrowth,|
|Lifespan of adults||14 days on an average (the numbers may differ from one species to the other)|
|Host plants||Milkweed, white vine, blazing star, thistles, cosmos, ironweed, cosmos, aster, joe-pye, olona, and mamaki|
|Adult diet||Flower nectar|