Home / Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae) / Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)

Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon)

The Spring Azure, a diminutive yet striking species of butterfly, graces the landscapes of North America with its presence. This species, characterized by its notably small size, approximately an inch in wingspan, is a common sight across various North American countries. These diurnal creatures are most active from mid-afternoon till dusk, engaging in a delicate dance from one flower to another, adding a splash of color and vibrancy to their surroundings.

Spring Azure

Scientific Classification

  • Family: Lycaenidae
  • Genus: Celastrina
  • Scientific Name: Celastrina ladon


Belonging to the Lepidoptera order, the Spring Azure exhibits a fascinating lifecycle and behaviors that captivate the interest of both the casual observer and the dedicated entomologist. This butterfly, with its intricate life stages and striking sexual dimorphism, offers a glimpse into the complexity and beauty of nature. Its habitat, spanning from the cold tundras of Alaska and Canada to the mountainous regions of Colombia, showcases the adaptability and resilience of this species.

Description and Identification


The Spring Azure caterpillar deviates from the typical caterpillar shape, presenting a flatter and broader appearance akin to a slug. Its body, segmented and either green or whitish-green, is adorned with subtle moss green markings. These larvae are unique in their diet, favoring flowers and fruits, and are often found under the care of tree ants, which protect them until their transformation into butterflies.


Transitioning into the pupal stage, the Spring Azure chrysalis exhibits a range of colors from beige to light brown or gray, peppered with darker gray and dull white blotches. This stage of metamorphosis takes place on the upper surface of leaves, where the pupa remains until it emerges as an adult butterfly.

Adult Butterfly

Sexual Dimorphism: The Spring Azure showcases distinct differences between males and females. Males boast a vibrant blue coloration on their wings, while females display a darker blue with noticeable black margins on their forewings.

Color and Appearance: In flight, the bright blue of the male contrasts sharply with the surroundings, whereas the female’s darker hue and black-edged forewings offer a striking variation. When at rest, with wings closed, both sexes exhibit a grayish underside with darker markings, a natural camouflage against predators.

Spring Azure Butterfly PicturesSpring Azure Butterfly imagesAverage Wingspan: The wingspan of the Spring Azure ranges from 0.87 to 1.8 inches (2.2 to 3.5 cm), a testament to the butterfly’s small stature.

Flight Pattern: These butterflies are known for their fast and agile flight, darting from flower to flower in a display of aerial mastery.


Spring Azure eggs are laid singly on flower buds, a strategy that ensures the next generation’s survival by spreading out the risk of predation.

Quick Facts

DistributionNorth America, from Alaska and Canada to the southern tundra regions; widespread throughout the US down to the mountains of Colombia.
HabitatPrefers old fields, clearings, edges of deciduous forests, freshwater swamps, and wooded marshes.
Lifespan of AdultsTypically only a few days.
Host PlantsUtilizes dogwood (Cornus florida), New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americana), meadowsweet (Spiraea salicifolia), and Collinsia as larval food sources.
Adult DietFeeds on nectar from a variety of flowers including blackberry, dogbane, privet, New Jersey tea, and common milkweed.

How to Identify Spring Azure Butterfly?

Identifying the Spring Azure butterfly involves looking for specific characteristics unique to this species. Observers should note the size, with an average wingspan ranging from 0.87 to 1.8 inches, and the distinct color patterns. Males display a vivid blue on the upper side of their wings, while females are darker with pronounced black borders. The underside of the wings, visible when closed, shows a grayish color with darker spots, aiding in camouflage. The butterfly’s preference for fluttering from flower to flower in the late afternoon to dusk also helps in identification. Additionally, their habitat, including old fields, edges of woods, and marshy areas, can provide clues to their presence. Recognizing the Spring Azure requires an eye for detail and an appreciation for the subtle differences that distinguish it from similar species.

Did You Know?

  • Some taxonomists debate the classification of the Spring Azure, with opinions divided between considering it a subspecies of C. argiolus or recognizing it as a distinct species.
  • The Spring Azure is among the shortest-lived butterflies, with adult lifespans typically spanning just a few days.
  • This species exhibits a unique relationship with tree ants during its larval stage, a symbiosis that offers protection from predators in exchange for a sugary secretion produced by the caterpillars.


The Spring Azure butterfly, with its ethereal beauty and fascinating lifecycle, is a jewel of North American biodiversity. Its presence from the tundras of Alaska to the mountains of Colombia speaks to the adaptability and resilience of this small but significant species. Whether observed in the wild or studied in detail, the Spring Azure continues to enchant and inform us about the complex interdependencies within our natural world.

Spring Azure Pictures

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scientific Classification

  • Family: Lycaenidae
  • Genus: Celastrina
  • Scientific Name: Celastrina ladon
Published by Avatar on September 5, 2018.
Last Updated: February 21, 2024. ✅ Verified by: Butterfly Team