Butterflies in Portugal

Portugal is home to several butterfly species, including the Two-tailed Pasha, the Large Tortoiseshell, and the Small White.

Butterflies in Portugal

Butterflies in Portugal

List of Most Common Butterfly Species of Portugal

Brush-Footed (Nymphalidae)

  • American Lady (Vanessa virginiensis)
  • Black Satyr (Satyrus actaea)
  • Cardinal (Argynnis pandora)
  • Comma (Polygonia c-album)
  • Dorus Ringlet (Coenonympha dorus)
  • European Nettle-tree Butterfly (Libythea celtis)
  • Great Banded Grayling (Brintesia circe)
  • Great Eggfly (Hypolimnas bolina)
  • Hedge Brown (Pyronia tithonus)
  • Iberian Marbled White (Melanargia lachesis)
  • Ines Blue (Melanargia ines)
  • Large Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis polychloros)
  • Lesser Purple Emperor (Apatura ilia)
  • Lulworth Skipper (Thymelicus acteon)
  • Malachite (Siproeta stelenes)
  • Mallow Skipper (Carcharodus alceae)
  • Marsh Fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia)
  • Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina)
  • Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus)
  • Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
  • Paper Kite Butterfly (Idea leuconoe)
  • Peacock Butterfly (Aglais io)
  • Pearly Heath (Coenonympha arcania)
  • Phoebe Fritillary (Melitaea phoebe)
  • Plain Tiger (Danaus chrysippus)
  • Queen of Spain Fritillary (Issoria lathonia)
  • Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta)
  • Red-underwing Skipper (Spialia sertorius)
  • Sage Skipper (Muschampia proto)
  • Scotch Argus (Hipparchia fidia)
  • Silver-washed Fritillary (Argynnis paphia)
  • Small Heath (Coenonympha pamphilus)
  • Small Mallow (Carcharodus tripolina)
  • Small Skipper (Thymelicus sylvestris)
  • Southern Gatekeeper (Pyronia cecilia)
  • Spanish Gatekeeper (Pyronia bathseba)
  • Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria)
  • Tree Grayling (Hipparchia statilinus)
  • Two-tailed Pasha (Charaxes jasius)
  • Wall Brown (Lasiommata megera)

Gossamer-Winged (Lycaenidae)

  • African Grass Blue (Zizeeria knysna)
  • Blue-spot Hairstreak (Satyrium spini)
  • Brown Hairstreak (Thecla betulae)
  • European Common Blue (Polyommatus icarus)
  • False Ilex Hairstreak (Satyrium esculi)
  • Geranium Bronze (Cacyreus marshalli)
  • Green Hairstreak (Callophrys rubi)
  • Holly Blue (Celastrina argiolus)
  • Lang’s Short-tailed Blue (Leptotes pirithous)
  • Long-tailed Blue (Lampides boeticus)
  • Lorquin’s Blue (Cupido lorquinii)
  • Melanops Blue (Glaucopsyche melanops)
  • Moroccan Blue (Pseudophilotes abencerragus)
  • Purple-shot Copper (Lycaena alciphron)
  • Silver-studded Blue (Plebejus argus)
  • Small Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)
  • Southern Brown Argus (Aricia cramera)

Whites and Sulphurs (Pieridae)

Swallowtail (Papilionidae) 

Skipper (Hesperiidae)

One of the best places to see butterflies in Portugal is in the southernmost district of Algarve.